Although it is also in the name of mixed martial arts, MMA competitions around the world do not always use the same set of rules.
After more than 25 years of development, MMA has become a popular form of competition in the world. However, as with other competitive disciplines, each MMA tournament undergoes a period of change and use of different rules.
Unified Mixed Martial Rules used by UFC
Starting with the UFC 28 in 2000, UFC uses the Unified Mixed Martial Rules proposed by the New Jersey State Sports Commission. The law later received the support of the Association of Boxing Committees and was applied throughout North America. This is seen as the official door to help UFC to get the consensus organized by the states. And the most prominent individual in the construction of this code is UFC referee Big John McCarthy.
The 5-minute / half game rules, the rules of the upper outfit or the ban, Unified Mixed Martial Rules also continuously have adjustments. All are aimed at making MMA more professional in the eyes of the audience and avoiding judgments as a form of competition. Currently, MMA tournaments in North America such as BELLATOR, PFL, LFA or European MMA tournaments like Cage Warriors, KSW, M-1 Global also use this Code.
ONE Championship, PRIDE Fighting Championship and soccer-kick
As UFC counterparts in Asia, PRIDE FC and ONE Championship also use different laws to their North American competitors. Most especially, the audience still remembers the equally competitive law of PRIDE FC.
When UFC dropped the blow to the opponent’s head while lying down, PRIDE FC in Japan continued to maintain these techniques. The audience is not uncommon images of soccer kicks or stomps kicks on the opponent’s head while lying down. It is fierce, but PRIDE FC forbids fighters to use elbow techniques, a weapon when effective on the stage.