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After 8 months officially recognized by the French Sports Department, MMA, which is famous for being a fierce and dangerous combat competition, was presented for the first time in an arena in France.
The premiere taking place on October 10, 2020 at the Bercy-Paris sports hall marks the first step on the path to finding recognized status as an official sporting activity. Thus, from now on, MMA no longer organizes piracy with contests between opponents who are not recognized as boxers or athletes.
Originating from the modern Brazilian Jiu-jitsu martial arts, MMA officially entered the game station in the United States since the early 1980s with a fairly free form of competition. For many people, MMA is still seen as an extremely rough, non-sport game.
In the early days, boxers went to the ring fighting without gloves, time limit and no weight rating, and there were only a few rules of convention. All attacks against each other in all martial arts are allowed.
The idea of the initiators was that through MMA matches it was possible to see which martial arts were superior. In MMA, the main martial arts used are Boxing, Muay Thai, Kick-boxing, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Karate, Judo. The goal is to defeat the enemy to the end.
Because of its brutal and dangerous nature, MMA is banned in France, although most countries still organize martial arts stands. It was not until February 2020, under the sponsorship of the French Federation of Boxing (FFB), that the French Sports Department officially allowed MMA to play as a professional sport. Despite being banned, according to AFP, in France there are still about 40,000 people playing the martial art in hundreds of sports clubs.
One of the reasons for the French Sport Department to legalize the MMA is to put it in a regulatory framework rather than ban it. Meanwhile, in the countries that are allowed to organize MMA is not a small source of income. The MMA arena often attracts a record audience watching via television as well as live in front of the ring.
In the US, the MMA’s biggest tournament UFC, each year broadcasting 45 live matches, is worth an estimated $ 4 billion. UFC matches are now broadcast on 150 countries’ television in a paid form, which is always very popular. Mixed martial arts are now a lucrative sports market. The French market is definitely within the UFC’s sights.
So how far is this MMA’s actual combat? We already know this is not a separate martial art. This is a combination, mixed martial arts, martial freedom that is not bound to the move. Thus, the MMA practitioner will learn many different martial arts at the same time. When fighting will use whatever martial arts bring your advantage.
For example, when fighting, from a boxing stance, to launch speed and power punches, the boxer can change to hit the floor. The goal of MMA is to defeat the opponent as quickly as possible, so the fighter applies a simple and pragmatic style. The MMA does not divide moves, but form a fighting style. There are three main ways of fighting, including kick, wrestling and punching, and hitting the floor.
Chinese martial arts and many other disciplines that only focus on boxing, using arms and legs. With MMA, there are usually few boxers who use monopoly boxing such as boxing, muay thai, teakwondo and karate. The strength of this type of attack is the ability to move, avoid attacks and attack dangerous. But the downside is that it is impossible to launch attacks when pressed against the floor.
With MMA fighters, wrestling and fighting is almost mandatory if you want to survive in matches. Boxers can knock opponents to the floor and punch. Or you can also use locking moves, squeezing the opponent’s body parts. Typical of this style in MMA are wrestling, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) and Sambo.
MMA overcomes the weaknesses, turning it into comprehensiveness which is the dominant factor compared to traditional martial arts. If meeting a strong opponent, using the right of charge, MMA boxers can use the object to bring the opponent to the floor, eliminating the ability of the opponent to attack.
Compared with traditional martial arts, MMA martial arts score for its comprehensiveness in its moves. MMA is the overall mix of all martial arts. Viewers easily see 3 main fighting styles: kicking, wrestling and punching, hitting the floor. Occasionally, you will come across judo artifacts or colorful old nock-out pieces of Muay Thai. That always makes the audience extremely excited and cheering.
Unlike traditional martial arts, which emphasize the art of performing, MMA is extremely realistic. Pragmatic and simple fighting style is the core because you need to defeat your opponent as quickly as possible. Therefore, the climax, the extremely stimulating drama is always created, making the audience suffocate.
Comprehension is what makes MMA martial arts stand out from other traditional martial arts. When meeting an opponent using boxing, MMA boxers easily overcome them with the attacks that make the opponent fall to the floor and destroy their attack ability.
Since the first event in 1993, MMA has experienced 27 years of prosperity to this day. From wild games, lawless just to find the most effective form of fighting, MMA has now become one of the most attractive sports in the early 21st century.
Development is so, but currently there is no organization involved in managing MMA activities in the world. All major MMA organizations are operating in the name of private companies and coordinate their operations on their own terms.
This is the most intuitive description of all brands such as UFC, Bellator in the US, ONE Championship in Asia, M-1 Global in Russia or Cage Warriors in Europe.
Not belonging to any federation or sports organization, the world’s most famous MMA tournaments run like a media company. The match, the action of boxers is now seen as media products for business through the sale of television rights, distributed on online platforms.
Organization of martial artists and competition rules
Operating in private companies, boxers will be recruited with the criteria of their own specialized team. Matches will also be calculated based on a rating system, media performance by match-makers and media teams / partners of the tournament alone. There are absolutely no common standards imposed on these companies.
To make it easy to compare, if Boxing has the Amateur Federation like AIBA or professional like WBC, WBA to classify, evaluate and rank fighters around the world. Meanwhile, MMA has absolutely no units responsible for this. That is the reason for the case of boxers absolutely no amateur or professional competition, still appear on the MMA floor.
However, it should be understood that because of an open and complex technical system such as MMA, it is very difficult to set a common standard. Therefore, the tournament completely relies on the experience of experienced experts to ensure the quality of the fighter.
According to statistics from the end of last decade, UFC has brought in 250 million USD / year, accounting for 90% of revenue from martial arts sport. Much of its revenue comes from monthly subscriptions to watch matches via television. Releasing DVDs, selling T-shirts or watching games on the Internet also brought in significant money.
Currently, UFC is maintaining agreements with broadcasters operating on a global scale. In the United States, UFC signs an agreement with Fox to serve domestic needs while creating the UFC Fight Pass to keep pace with the growing digital trend. Finally is the form of pay-per-view, collecting money directly from the audience through each view.
According to 2014 statistics, UFC’s revenue is 600 million USD and continues to increase. UFC matches are seen almost everywhere in the world. As a result, advertising revenue also increased sharply. According to statistics from 2007, the revenue from advertising after each fiscal year of UFC increased an average of 14.6%.
However, UFC is not the only company that knows how to make money from MMA. Bellator FC, a company founded in 2008 based in Santa Monica, California, is also emerging as a formidable name. Outside the US borders, MMA is also becoming a popular sport around the world. In Asia, ONE Fighting Championship (ONE FC) quickly recognized the trend and became a big name in the regional MMA village.
ONE FC was born in 2011 in Singapore and is the first MMA tournament in the world with a category for female gladiators. Events take place in Singapore and many famous cities in the region such as Jakarta, Manila, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Taipei, Phnom Penh, Beijing, Guangzhou, Yangon, Hefei, Macau and Bangkok. ONE FC also has a long history of cooperation with Fox Sports Asia, the new name of ESPN Star Sports.
Although the industry is growing, the gladiators’ salaries are kept a secret, with the exception of the top names. For those in the top 10 UFC gladiators, the salary they receive is an average of $ 4 million / year. However, the income of lesser gladiators was also much lower.
There was much talk around the money the MMA gladiators received. Even some articles claim that those who pursue this subject just because of passion, not because of money. However, the wage security policy among MMA circles makes it difficult for outsiders to know the truth behind this billion-dollar industry.
Originating in the United States, MMA attracted a lot of American attention before spreading around the world and creating a multi-billion dollar industry.
Mixed Martial Arts is a comprehensive fighting game that allows gladiators to use every attack for the sole purpose of defeating the opponent. The appeal of MMA makes it a money-making industry in the US and is increasingly proving attractive around the world.
Speaking of the MMA industry in the US, it is impossible not to mention the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), the biggest tournament. Acquired by the Fertita brothers for $ 2 million in 2001, UFC has achieved unimaginable success. In 2016, the Fertita brothers sold it for $ 4 billion, making it the biggest deal in sports history.
At $ 4 billion, the UFC deal is twice as big as the previous most expensive record in sports. It is even bigger than the value of a series of other famous clubs such as Cowboys, Real Madrid, FC Barcelona, New York Yankees or Manchester United. The record selling price says a lot about UFC’s appeal.
At the most basic level, it is easy to see that UFC brings big profits from the operation process. The top matches, attracting a large audience to the field, revenue coming from ticket sales, advertising, television copyright, Internet or other services that UFC provides to the fans.
Before each Super Bowl match, 12,000 seats in the game field were sold out for an average of 340 USD for each ticket. In addition to those who come to the yard, the company also sells to a few million fans the right to watch the game via television, the Internet for more than 40 USD. For those who want to see high definition images, the amount will be more than 50 USD. On average, each peak game will bring in tens of millions of dollars.